Written by Sherry
Thursday, 29 November 2007 09:41
Been looking for that bird's eye view of the development of the Byzantine Catholic church? Well, here it is:
Given by Fr. Mark Malone, pastor of St. George Melkite-Greek Catholic Church in Sacramento. Very interesting and it comes with a chart of Apostolic Churches: Catholic, Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox that is going to give Tom Kreitzberg a run for his money! Here's a taste:
"A second term is the word catholic — what does it mean? You hear the definition all the time — universal. The primary definition is complete. The first person to use the word catholic was Saint Ignatius of Antioch, about the year 100. Tradition says that Ignatius was the little child that Christ held on his knees when He said: “Unless you become like a little you shall not enter the Kingdom of Heaven.” We have Ignatius' seven letters that he wrote on his way to his death. He uses the word catholic and makes a definition of the church especially related to the Eucharist, and says that where you have a bishop and his people and the Eucharist the whole church is there catholic — complete. That's going to make an interesting point later on.
What's the opposite of catholic — a trick question — Atheist? No! That's means without God. Heretic? Yes, it comes from the Greek verb heresis— to choose — to take a part and make the part the whole. Arius, for example says that Christ is man. That's true but he also says Christ is only man, that's He is not God also. Therefore, that's a heresy. Another heresy later on will say that Christ is only God.
The term orthodox means correct teaching, or correct worship — straight — the term orthodontics is related — straightening teeth. So straight teaching or straight worship — teaching and worship are related. The opposite? Heterodoxy, meaning another worship or another teaching! The fathers also were not unknown to use the word cacodoxy. You can guess the root of that. Just remember these aspects of these words.
The important thing is to remember that in the early church, East and West, that Christians called themselves Orthodox and Catholic. East and West both used the terms, and even to this day we all say the Creed and it says: “We believe in One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.” These terms later begin to take on political connotations. I want you to remember that we're using them in a strict theological sense, right now. It is curious that in the Roman Liturgy the First Eucharistic prayer says: orthodoxibus atque cultoribus (Orthodox worshippers). So, the Roman Catholic Church even used the word orthodox in that sense."
Both priests in residence at the parish are iconographers. One is a bi-ritual (Byzantine - Latin rite) Dominican of the Western Province, Fr. Brendan McAnerney.
Fr. Brendan's ministry is called (Domin-Icon was in residence at Blessed Sacrament when the Institute began 10 years ago and wrote our beautiful icon of St. Catherine of Siena for us. He also wrote this magnificent icon of St. Albert the Great for the Dominican School of Philosophy & Theology's new campus.
A limited edition lithograph celebrating the 75th anniversary of the founding of St. Albert's has been made and a copy sent to every house and ministry in the Province. We got ours this week and it is very striking.